A week-long wildfire on the Greek resort island of Rhodes has torn past defences, forcing more evacuations, as three major fires raged elsewhere in the country fuelled by strong winds and successive heatwaves that left scrubland and forests tinder-dry.
The latest evacuations were ordered in south Rhodes after 19,000 people, mostly tourists, were moved in buses and boats over the weekend out of the path of the fire that reached several coastal areas from nearby mountains.
It was the country’s biggest evacuation effort in recent years.
“We are at war – completely focused on the fires,” Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis said during a debate in parliament.
“Over the coming days and weeks, we must remain on constant alert.”
Help continued to arrive from the European Union and elsewhere, with firefighting planes from neighbouring Turkey joining the effort in Rhodes, where 10 water-dropping planes and 10 helicopters buzzed over flames up to five metres (16ft) tall despite low visibility.
“The risk of fire will be extreme in several areas of Greece today,” fire service spokesperson Vassilis Vathrakogiannis said a day after temperatures on the southern Greek mainland soared as high as 45C.
Ian Murison, a businessman from London who was on holiday with his wife and 12-year-old son in southern Rhodes, described his family’s ordeal as they tried to escape the fires on Saturday.
“We saw flames coming over the hills. Our hotel had capacity for 1,200 (people), but there was just one coach waiting,” he said.
“There was no process in place. … We all just took our cases and started walking, it was about three kilometres (nearly two miles) before we got out from underneath the ash cloud.”
The family reached a nearby beach, where they waited – in the dark due to a power blackout – with thousands of others to be evacuated by bus or boat.
“You could see an orange glow in the sky and it got more and more, big balls of fire going into the sky,” Mr Murison said, describing chaotic scenes as evacuees crowded to board small boats arriving to take them off the beach.
“It didn’t matter if you had children, adults were fighting to get on next,” he said.
“It was very, very stressful.”
Overnight, evacuations were also ordered on the western island of Corfu, where more than 2,000 people including tourists were moved to safety by land and sea, on the island of Evia and in a mountainous area in the southern Peloponnese region.
European Commission president Ursula von der Leyen contacted Mr Mitsotakis late on Sunday to offer additional assistance.
“I called (Prime Minister) Mitsotakis to express our full support for Greece, which is confronted with devastating forest fires and a heavy heat wave due to climate change,” she tweeted.
Addressing parliament, Mr Mitsotakis also highlighted the threat from climate change, which he said “will make its presence ever more felt with greater natural disasters throughout the Mediterranean region”.
The fire service was investigating the causes of the blazes, which raged as 50 new wildfires on average have been breaking out daily for the past 12 days, according to government spokesperson Pavlos Marinakis.
On Sunday alone, 64 new blazes were recorded.
On Rhodes, the fire roared down mountain slopes, burning homes and cars and leaving livestock dead on the roadside as they tried to escape.
Authorities said no serious injuries were reported in the evacuations, but hospitals and health volunteers provided first aid to tourists and others, mostly for the effects of heat and dehydration.
Firefighters also confronted blazes on Monday in southern Italy, where people have sweltered through weeks of temperatures in the high 30s Celsius and mid-40s Celsius.
A wind-fed brush fire burned near Palermo in Sicily, as well as several other blazes on the Mediterranean island, including near the seaside tourist resort of Cefalu.
There were also wildfires in Calabria, including in the rugged Aspromonte mountains.
On Sardinia, three flights from Milan, Paris and Amsterdam had to land at other airports on the Italian island because the tarmac in Olbia was deemed dangerously hot on Monday afternoon, RAI state TV said. The tarmac temperature reached a sizzling 47 degrees.
Officials from the Greek Foreign Ministry were working at the international airport with several embassies and diplomats who travelled to assist tourists who had lost their travel documents.
Several airlines, including easyJet and package operator Tui, sent planes to Rhodes to evacuate tourists forced from hotels by the wildfire.
Some tourists said travel companies had failed to provide information or help.
Rhodes is visited by about 2.5 million tourists each year and is one of Greece’s most popular holiday destinations.
As some visitors continued to flee the island on Monday, others were arriving from multiple European destinations to start their holidays at resorts not affected by the wildfire – some 90% of the total, according to Greek authorities.
Greece is using an EU satellite service to estimate the damage caused by the fire and to target resources.
Photographs published online by the service showed a brown hourglass-shaped burn scar across the middle of the island.
The army was also helping to set up temporary accommodation on Rhodes, where schools and sporting facilities were opened to help with the effort.
A relative respite from the heat on Monday, with highs of 38C forecast, is to be followed by yet more high temperatures starting on Tuesday.
However, it should get significantly cooler on Thursday, with temperatures in the low to mid-30s Celsius, the country’s Meteorological Service said.